The Coronavirus Food Assistance Program (CFAP) authorizes direct payments to farmers in response to market disruptions from the coronavirus pandemic. Crop production in 2019 and unpriced crop inventories for corn, soybeans, oats, and sorghum on January 15, 2020 are eligible. Corn, soybean, and oat crops harvested as silage are also eligible for payments after they have been converted to grain crop equivalents. Sorghum is also eligible, but must have been sorghum intended for grain that was harvested as forage. Forage sorghum or sorghum sudangrass hybrids planted for forage production are not eligible. Alfalfa, mixed hay, haylage, and other forages are excluded, including wheatlage and barlage.
Farmers can follow these steps to document the necessary estimates for their CFAP applications
- Determine which crops you grew in 2019 that are eligible for payments.
- Calculate 2019 production and eligible inventories on January 15, 2020.
- Convert each eligible grain/forage crop to its dry grain equivalent.
- Report dry grain equivalents to your local Farm Service Agency (FSA) office by August 28, 2020.
Converting Silage Crops to Dry Grain Equivalents for CFAP Payments
Corn silage, oatlage, soybean silage, and grain sorghum harvested as forage stored in upright silos, drive over piles, bunker silos, and silo bags (or other storage) must be converted to dry grain equivalents. UW-Madison, Division of Extension spreadsheets, calculators, and videos to assist farmers with CFAP calculations and conversions are at: https://aae.wisc.edu/pdmitchell/extension/cfap-resources-for-wi/
Corn silage is converted to 7.94 bushels of dry grain per ton of silage at 65% moisture
Oatlage is converted to 4.08 bushels of dry grain per ton of silage at 65% moisture.
Soybean silage is converted to 5.00 bushels of dry grain per ton of silage at 65% moisture
Grain Sorghum harvested as silage converts to 5.56 bushels of dry grain per ton of silage at 65% moisture
Converting High Moisture Grain Crops to Dry Grain Equivalents for CFAP Payments
High moisture shell corn, high moisture ear corn, snaplage/earlage can be converted to dry grain equivalents using spreadsheets at: https://aae.wisc.edu/pdmitchell/extension/cfap-resources-for-wi/